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Creating energy using natural and sustainable sources, renewable energy options have become more prominent in recent years. So much so that in 2017, global investments insustainable energy increased, with the investment in solar out stripping fossil fuels for the first time. In addition, renewable energy in the UK has reached an all-time high, accounting for a third of electricity produced in 2017 with the biggest sources including solar and wind power.

From sustainable energy options for industrial businesses, to small-scale renewable sources for the home, we’ve put together a guide to cover the different types available.

Solar

One of nature’s best power sources, sunlight can be captured to create free, clean energy. There are two different methods of transforming solar: photo voltaic cell panels and thermal collection. The first uses solar panels to trap sunlight in order to convert into energy, while the second relies on the temperature of the sun’s rays to heat up water.

Solar can be used in both domestic and large-scale commercial applications, from solar panels mounted ona roof to ventilation and heating systems for industrial sites.

Wind

 Wind is generated by therotation of the Earth combined with the changing temperatures in theatmosphere. This creates kinetic energy, which can be harnessed as a sustainable power source and used to generate electricity.

From small wind farms that can be installed on the site of a home or business, to large wind farms,this can be an effective method of creating power.

Geothermal

Using the heat, steam or vapour that is generated under the surface of the earth, geothermal can be utilised in different ways. This includes heating or converting into electricity,which is generated by powering turbines at geothermal power plants.

Either from geothermal pockets at the surface, or by accessing underground chambers, the power produced can be used in many ways, including to heat greenhouses and power workplaces.

Hydropower

Lastly, hydropower relies on the power generated by moving water to create energy. This form of renewable source has been around for some time, with water wheels used to power industrial buildings in the 1800s.

Whether from the flower of rivers, tidal movements or water dams, turbines can be placed on the surface of water or submerged unerneath. When the water flows, it powers the turbines,producing clean electricity.

From solar to hydropower,these clean, green sources of energy harness natural forces and transform them into electricity. These can then be used to power homes and work places in a sustainable way.